Available Service Delivery Options

What services are provided through Speech and Language Support?
Direct services and indirect services are provided to a child based on their individual needs. Both types of services can be conducted individually or in small groups within the regular education classroom or in pull-out sessions.

Direct services include instruction provided by a Speech-Language Pathologist having direct contact with a child. Indirect services include activities during which a Speech-Language Pathologist works with another individual (teacher, parent, etc.) who will be responsible for working with the child on improving communication skills.

Reference: ASHA.org; "Communication Services and Supports for Individuals with Severe Disabilities: FAQs"

Direct and indirect services can be provided through several service delivery methods.

1. Individual Instruction: A student is seen individually by the SLP to work on specific goals as established by the Individualized Education Program (IEP) or the Individualized Speech and Language Plan (usually considered a direct service).

2. Small Group Instruction: Small groups of students are seen in a therapy setting to focus on development of specific skills.

3. Classroom Instruction: The SLP goes into the classroom and works on communication skills within that setting. This provides practice of skills in a more functional manner and helps to facilitate generalization of speech and language goals in the natural academic setting.

4. Consultation: The SLP provides consultation services to classroom teachers and significant others in the student’s academic environment on how to facilitate or improve communication skills (considered indirect service).

5. Collaboration: The SLP and classroom teacher work together in the classroom. Communication opportunities are provided for students who have speech and language problems. All students in the classroom benefit from the strategies utilized by the team.